Buildings are some of the major producers of greenhouse gas emissions. Households and buildings are the key consumers of electricity. This leads to high emissions of carbon dioxide. Conventional air-conditioning consumes large amounts of dry and cold air to create thermal comfort. But, to provide air at the required temperature, a lot of energy is required. This means majority of the current buildings are not sustainable. So, what is the key to sustainable construction?
Addressing Constantly Humid and Hot Climate
To address constantly humid and hot climate which necessitates use of energy to achieve a comfortable indoor environment, buildings should have an innovative heating and cooling system. For instance, new houses can have a system that splits cooling and dehumidifying.
Rather than use dry air and cold air for both, the system can remove heat from the interior of a building while removing moisture from air that enters a building from outside. This will ensure that cooling is done using higher temperature than the temperature required for dehumidification thereby lowering the electric energy required.
Freeing Up Volume and Space
Using simulators, contractors can come up with designs that enable them to free up volume and space. Designs of conventional buildings for instance can be replaced by 3for2 designs concept. This concept allows developers to come up with three floors in a standard space that would have two floors. This is achieved without affecting the perceived floor-to-ceiling heights.
Real-Life Conditions Testing
To ensure that technical components of buildings play their roles as required to ensure sustainable construction, they should be tested under real life conditions. This is different from laboratory testing and it’s more effective. Portable labs can be used to perform real life testing of construction products.
Sustainable construction is no longer an option. It’s therefore important for contractors to know and embrace effective measures for sustainable construction.